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Last update: January, 21 2021

Luxembourg

flag of Luxembourg
Government
NameGrand Duchy of Luxembourg
LuxembourgishGroussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg
FrenchGrand-Duché de Luxembourg​
GermanGroßherzogtum Luxemburg​
Government typeconstitutional monarchy
CapitalLuxembourg (city) (76,420 (2005))
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
People
Population (2020)625,976 (168th)
Density of population233.7 P/km2 (58th)
NationalityLuxembourger
Official languages
Luxembourgish
French
German
Ethnic groups (2019)
Luxembourger51.1%
Portuguese15.7%
French7.5%
Italian3.6%
Belgian3.3%
German2.1%
Spanish1.1%
British1%
other14.6%
Religions (2010)
Christian70.4%
Muslim2.3%
other0.5%
none26.8%
Life expectancy (2020)
Male80.1 years
Female85.2 years
Total population82.6 years (16th)
Homicides
Total (2017)0.3 per 100,000 people (169th)
Geography
Land area2,586 km2
water area0 km2
total area2,586 km2 (179th)
Mean elevation325 m
Lowest point
Moselle River133 m
Highest point
Buurgplaatz559 m
Land use (2011)
Agricultural land50.7%
Arable land24%
Permanent crops0.6%
Permanent pasture26.1%
Forest33.5%
Other15.8%
Urbanization
Urban population (2020)91.5%
Rate of urbanization1.55% annual rate of change (2015 – 2020)
Economy
Labor force (2017)282,800  (165th)
note: data exclude foreign workers; in addition to the figure for domestic labor force, about 150,000 workers commute daily from France, Belgium, and Germany
Labor force by occupation (2013)
Agriculture1.1%
Industry20%
Services 78.9%
Unemployment rate (2017)5.8% (89th)
GDP (PPP) (estimate 2020)
Total$66.848 billion (99th)
Per capita$112,045(2nd)
GDP (nominal) (estimate 2019)
Total$69.453 billion (69th)
Per capita$113,196 (1st)
GDP by sector (estimate 2017)
Agriculture0.3%
Industry12.8%
Services86.9%
Exports (2017)$15.99 billion (72nd)
Exports partners (2017)
Germany25.6%
Belgium17.6%
France14%
Netherlands5.1%
Italy4.1%
UK4.1%
Imports (2017)$20.66 billion (75th)
Imports partners (2017)
Belgium32%
Germany24.9%
France11.1%
US5.7%
Netherlands4.9%

Luxembourg on the world map

Luxembourg on the world map

Luxembourg top 10 largest cities (2005)

  1. Luxembourg (city) (76,420)
  2. Esch-sur-Alzette (28,000)
  3. Differdange (19,005)
  4. Dudelange (17,618)
  5. Ettelbruck (7,364)
  6. Diekirch (6,165)
  7. Wiltz (4,587)
  8. Echternach (4,507)
  9. Rumelange (4,495)
  10. Grevenmacher (3,966)

Demography

Population pyramid

population pyramid of Luxembourg (2020)

Age structure data

Estimate for 2020:

  • 0-14 years: 16.73% (male 54,099/female 51,004)
  • 15-24 years: 11.78% (male 37,946/female 36,061)
  • 25-54 years: 43.93% (male 141,535/female 134,531)
  • 55-64 years: 12.19% (male 39,289/female 37,337)
  • 65 years and over: 15.37% (male 43,595/female 52,984)

Remark: the age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.

Population from 1950 to 2020

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Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.


Evolution of the life expectancy from 1960 to 2018

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Source: World Development Indicators, The World Bank

Economy

Agriculture:

grapes, barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits, dairy and livestock products

Industries:

banking and financial services, construction, real estate services, iron, metals, and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation and logistics, chemicals, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism, biotechnology

Exports – commodities:

machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass

Imports – commodities:

commercial aircraft, minerals, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, luxury consumer goods

Time zone and current time in Luxembourg

Go to our interactive map to get the current time in Luxembourg

History

Sources: