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Last update: February, 11 2021

North America

Geography

Political map of North America

Political map of North America

Borders

North America is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean and to the south east by the Caribbean Sea and South America.

The border between North America and South America is at the Darién Mountains watershed.

Area

24,709,000 km2 (9,540,000 sq mi) 

Topographic map of North America

Topographic map of North America

Land cover map of North America

Land cover map of North America

Regions

Population

Population 

579,024,000 (2016)

Density of population

22.9/km2 (59.3/sq mi)

Economy

GDP (PPP) (estimate 2019)

Total: $26.03 trillion

GDP (nominal) (estimate 2019)

Total: $24.43 trillion

Per capita: $49,240

North American countries and capitals

FlagCountry nameCapitalPopulationArea
flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and BarbudaSaint John’s96,286 (2018)442.6 km2
flag of The BahamasBahamasNassau385,637 (2018)13,880 km2
Flag of BarbadosBarbadosBridgetown287,025 (2019)430 km2 
flag of BelizeBelizeBelmopan408,487 (2019)22,966 km2 
Flag of CanadaCanadaOttawa38,014,184 (2020)9,984,670 km2 
flag of Costa RicaCosta RicaSan José5,058,007 (2019)51,100 km2
flag of cubaCubaHavana11,193,470 (2019)110,860 km2
Flag of DominicaDominicaRoseau71,625 (2018)751 km2
Flag of Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicSanto Domingo10,735,896 (2019)48,670 km2
Flag of El SalvadorEl SalvadorSan Salvador6,420,746 (2018)21,041 km2
flag of GrenadaGrenadaSaint George’s111,454 (2018)344 km2
flag of GuatemalaGuatemalaGuatemala City17,263,239 (2018)108,889 km2
flag of HaitiHaitiPort-au-Prince11,722,038 (2019)27,750 km2
flag of HondurasHondurasTegucigalpa9,587,522 (2018)112,090 km2 
flag of JamaicaJamaicaKingston2,726,667 (2018)10,991 km2
flag of MexicoMexicoMexico City128,649,565 (2020)1,964,375 km2
flag of NicaraguaNicaraguaManagua6,486,201 (2019)130,370 km2
flag of PanamaPanamaPanama City4,176,869 (2018)75,420 km2
flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisBasseterre52,441 (2018)261 km2
flag of Saint LuciaSaint LuciaCastries181,889 (2018)616 km2
flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstown110,211 (2018)389 km2 
flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoPort of Spain1,363,985 (2019)5,128 km2
flag of the United StatesUnited StatesWashington, D.C.328,239,523 (2019)9,833,517 km2