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Last update: February, 9 2021

Oceania

Geography

Political map of Oceania

Political map of Oceania

Borders

The Oceanian continent is made up of thousands of islands throughout the Central South Pacific Ocean.

Oceania extends from New Guinea in the west, the Bonin Islands in the northwest, the Hawaiian Islands in the northeast, Rapa Nui and Sala y Gómez Island in the east and Macquarie Island in the south.

Oceania comprised traditionally four regions: Autralasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.

Area

8,525,989 km2 (3,291,903 sq mi)

Topographic map of Oceania

Topographic map of Oceania

Land cover map of Oceania

Land cover map of Oceania

Population

Population 

42,677,809 (2020)

Density of population

4.19/km2  (10.9/sq mi)

Population from 1950 to 2020

CC BY

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.

Economy

GDP (PPP)

Total: N.A.

GDP (nominal)

Total (2018): $1.630 trillion

Per capita (2017): $41,037

Oceania countries and capitals

FlagCountry nameCapitalPopulationArea
flag of AustraliaAustraliaCanberra25,733,200 (2020)7,741,220 km2
flag of FijiFijiSuva926,276 (2018)18,274 km2
flag of KiribatiKiribatiTarawa122,330 (2020)811 km2
flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall IslandsMajuro58,413 (2018)181 km2
flag of Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesiaPalikir104,468 (2019)702 km2
flag of NauruNauruno official capital (government offices in the Yaren District)10,670 (2018)21 km2
flag of New ZealandNew ZealandWellington5,007,610 (2020)268,838 km2
flag of PalauPalauNgerulmud17,907 (2018)459 km2 
flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New GuineaPort Moresby8,935,000 (2020)462,840 km2
flag of SamoaSamoaApia195,843 (2016)2,831 km2
flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon IslandsHoniara652,857 (2018)28,896 km2
flag of TongaTongaNuku’alofa100,651 (2016)747 km2
flag of TuvaluTuvaluFunafuti10,200 (2018)26 km2
flag of VanuatuVanuatuPort-Vila304,500 (2018)12,189 km2