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Last update: January, 21 2021

Netherlands

flag of Netherlands
Government
NameNetherlands
DutchNederland
Government typeparliamentary constitutional monarchy
CapitalAmsterdam (872,680)
Seat of governmentThe Hague (544,766)
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
People
Population (2020)17,134,873 (68th)
Density of population421 P/km2 (16th)
NationalityDutch
Official languages
Dutch
Ethnic groups (2018)
Dutch76.9%
EU6.4%
Turkish2.4%
Moroccan2.3%
Indonesian2.1%
German2.1%
Surinamese2%
Polish1%
other4.8%
Religions (2017)
Roman Catholic23.6%
Protestant14.9%
Dutch Reformed6.4%
Protestant Church of The Netherlands5.6%
Calvinist2.9%
Muslim5.1%
other5.6%
none50.7%
Life expectancy (2020)
Male79.5 years
Female84.1 years
Total population81.7 years (28th)
Homicides
Total (2018)0.6 per 100,000 people (157th)
Geography
Land area33,893 km2
water area7,650 km2
total area41,543 km2 (135th)
Mean elevation30 m
Lowest point
Zuidplaspolder-7 m
Highest point
Mount Scenery  (island of Saba in the Caribbean)862 m
Vaalserberg (continental Netherlands)322 m
Land use (2011)
Agricultural land55.1%
Arable land29.8%
Permanent crops1.1%
Permanent pasture24.2%
Forest10.8%
Other34.1%
Urbanization
Urban population (2020)92.2%
Rate of urbanization0.74% annual rate of change (2015 – 2020)
Economy
Labor force (2017)7.969 million  (63rd)
Labor force by occupation (2015)
Agriculture1.2%
Industry17.2%
Services 81.6%
Unemployment rate (2017)4.9% (69th)
GDP (PPP) (estimate 2019)
Total$1.004 trillion (28th)
Per capita$58,255(13th)
GDP (nominal) (estimate 2019)
Total$914 billion (17th)
Per capita$53,016 (13th)
GDP by sector (estimate 2017)
Agriculture1.6%
Industry17.9%
Services70.2%
Exports (2017)$555.6 billion (6th)
Exports partners (2017)
Germany24.2%
Belgium10.7%
UK8.8%
France8.8%
Italy4.2%
Imports (2017)$453.8 billion (10th)
Imports partners (2017)
China16.4%
Germany15.3%
Belgium8.5%
US6.9%
UK5.1%
Russia4.3%

Netherlands on the world map

Netherlands on the world map

Netherlands top 10 largest cities

  1. Amsterdam (872,680)
  2. Rotterdam (650,711)
  3. The Hague (544,766)
  4. Utrecht (357,179)
  5. Eindhoven (234,235)
  6. Groningen (232,826)
  7. Tilburg (219,632)
  8. Almere (211,514)
  9. Breda (184,403)
  10. Nijmegen (177,818)

Demography

Population pyramid

population pyramid of Netherlands (2020)

Age structure data

Estimate for 2020:

  • 0-14 years: 16.11% (male 1,425,547/female 1,358,894)
  • 15-24 years: 11.91% (male 1,049,000/female 1,008,763)
  • 25-54 years: 38.47% (male 3,334,064/female 3,313,238)
  • 55-64 years: 13.69% (male 1,177,657/female 1,188,613)
  • 65 years and over: 19.82% (male 1,558,241/female 1,866,380)

Remark: the age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.

Population from 1950 to 2020

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Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.


Evolution of the life expectancy from 1960 to 2018

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Source: World Development Indicators, The World Bank

Economy

Agriculture:

vegetables, ornamentals, dairy, poultry and livestock products, propagation materials

Industries:

agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing

Exports – commodities:

machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, mineral fuels, food and livestock, manufactured goods

Imports – commodities:

machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing

Time zone and current time in Netherlands

Go to our interactive map to get the current time in Netherlands

History

Sources: