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Last update: January, 23 2021

Russia

flag of Russia
Government
NameRussian Federation
RussianРоссийская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Government typesemi-presidential federation
CapitalMoscow (12,381,000 (2017))
CurrencyRussian ruble (RUB)
Organization
Member StateCommonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
People
Population (2020)145,934,460 (9th)
Density of population8.4 P/km2 (225th)
NationalityRussian
Official languages
Russian
Ethnic groups (2010)
Russian77.7%
Tatar3.7%
Ukrainian1.4%
Bashkir1.1%
Chuvash1%
Chechen1%
Other (nearly 200 national and ethnic groups)10.2%
unspecified3.9%
Religions (2017)
Russian Orthodox71%
Roman Catholic1%
Other Christian2%
No religion15%
Islam10%
Other religion1%
Life expectancy (2020)
Male66.3 years
Female77.8 years
Total population71.9 years (158th)
Homicides
Total (2018)8.2 per 100,000 people (40th)
Geography
Land area16,377,742 km2
water area720,500 km2
total area17,098,242 km2 (141st)
Mean elevation600 m
Lowest point
Caspian Sea-28 m
Highest point
Gora El’brus 5,642 m
Land use (2011)
Agricultural land13.1%
Arable land7.3%
Permanent crops0.1%
Permanent pasture5.7%
Forest49.4%
Other37.5%
Urbanization
Urban population (2020)74.8%
Rate of urbanization0.18% annual rate of change (2015 – 2020)
Economy
Labor force (2017)76.53 million  (6th)
Labor force by occupation (2016)
Agriculture9.4%
Industry27.6%
Services 63%
Unemployment rate (2017)5.2% (77th)
GDP (PPP) (estimate 2020)
Total$4.519 trillion (5th)
Per capita$30,819 (50th)
GDP (nominal) (estimate 2020)
Total$1.657 trillion (11th)
Per capita$11,305 (61st)
GDP by sector (estimate 2017)
Agriculture4.7%
Industry32.4%
Services62.3%
Exports (2017)$353 billion (14th)
Exports partners (2017)
China10.9%
Netherlands10%
Germany7.1%
Belarus5.1%
Turkey4.9%
Imports (2017)$238 billion (20th)
Imports partners (2017)
China21.2%
Germany10.7%
US5.6%
Belarus5%
Italy4.5%
France4.2%

Russia on the world map

Russia on the world map

Russia top 10 largest cities (2017)

  1. Moscow (12,381,000)
  2. Saint Petersburg (5,282,000)
  3. Novosibirsk (1,603,000)
  4. Yekaterinburg (1,456,000)
  5. Nizhny Novgorod (1,267,000)
  6. Kazan (1,232,000)
  7. Chelyabinsk (1,199,000)
  8. Omsk (1,178,000)
  9. Samara (1,170,000)
  10. Ufa (1,126,000)

Demography

Population pyramid

population pyramid of Russia (2020)

Age structure data

Estimate for 2020:

  • 0-14 years: 17.24% (male 12,551,611/female 11,881,297)
  • 15-24 years: 9.54% (male 6,920,070/female 6,602,776)
  • 25-54 years: 43.38% (male 30,240,260/female 31,245,104)
  • 55-64 years: 14.31% (male 8,808,330/female 11,467,697)
  • 65 years and over: 15.53% (male 7,033,381/female 14,971,679)

Remark: the age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.

Population from 1950 to 2020

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Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.


Evolution of the life expectancy from 1960 to 2018

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Source: World Development Indicators, The World Bank

Major rivers

  • Lena River (4,294 km / 2,668 mi)
  • Volga (3,690 km / 2,290 mi)
  • Ural (2,428 km / 1,509 mi)
  • Dnieper (2,290 km / 1,420 mi)
  • Don (1,950 km / 1,210 mi)
  • Pechora (1,809 km / 1,124 mi)
  • Kama (1,805 km / 1,122 mi) (the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge)
  • Oka (1,500 km / 930 mi) (the longest right tributary of Volga)
  • Belaya (1,430 km / 890 mi) (tributary of Kama)
  • Desna (1,130 km / 700 mi) (major left tributary of Dnieper)
  • Donets (1,053 km / 654 mi) (major right tributary of Don River)
  • Daugava (1,020 km / 630 mi)

Economy

Agriculture:

grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk

Industries:

complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries (including radar, missile production, advanced electronic components), shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts

Exports – commodities:

petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures

Imports – commodities:

machinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel

Time zone and current time in Russia

Go to our interactive map to get the current time in Russia

History

  • Russia in 1700
  • Siberia was known by European from the Middle age to the 20th century as making part of Tartary.

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