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Last update: February, 10 2021

Europe

Geography

Political map of Europe

Political map of Europe

Borders

Europe is located in the westernmost part of the Eurasian plate. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the West, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and Asia to the east. The limit between Europe and Asia is commonly considered to be the watershed of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea and the Turkish Straits.

Area

10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi)

Topographic map of Europe

Topographic map of Europe

Land cover map of Europe

Land cover map of Europe

Regions

Major European rivers

map of european rivers

List of the major rivers of Europe with their length:

  1. Volga (3,690 km / 2,290 mi)
  2. Danube (2,860 km / 1,780 mi)
  3. Ural (2,428 km / 1,509 mi)
  4. Dnieper (2,290 km / 1,420 mi)
  5. Don (1,950 km / 1,210 mi)
  6. Pechora (1,809 km / 1,124 mi)
  7. Kama (1,805 km / 1,122 mi) (the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge)
  8. Oka (1,500 km / 930 mi) (the longest right tributary of Volga)
  9. Belaya (1,430 km / 890 mi) (tributary of Kama)
  10. Dniester (1,352 km / 840 mi)
  11. Rhine (1,236 km / 768 mi)
  12. Desna (1,130 km / 700 mi) (major left tributary of Dnieper)
  13. Elbe (1,091 km / 678 mi)
  14. Donets (1,053 km / 654 mi) (major right tributary of Don River)
  15. Vistula (1,047 km / 651 mi)
  16. Tagus (1,038 km / 645 mi)
  17. Daugava (1,020 km / 630 mi)
  18. Loire (1,012 km / 629 mi)
  19. Tisza (966 km / 600 mi) (1,358 km / 844 mi before 1880) (tributary of the Danube)
  20. Ebro (960 km / 600 mi)

Population

Population

747,636,045 (2020)

Density of population

72.9/km2 (188/sq mi)

Population from 1950 to 2020

CC BY

Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.

Economy

GDP (PPP) (estimate 2019)

Total: $29.01 trillion

GDP (nominal) (estimate 2019)

Total: $21.79 trillion

Per capita: $29,410

European countries and capitals

FlagCountry nameCapitalPopulationArea
flag of AlbaniaAlbaniaTirana 3,074,579 (2020)28,748 km2
flag of AndorraAndorraAndorra la Vella77,543 (2020)468 km2
flag of ArmeniaArmeniaYerevan2,956,900 (2020)19,743 km2
flag of austriaAustriaVienne8,902,600 (2020)83,871 km2
flag of azerbaijanAzerbaijanBaku10,027,874 (2020)86,600 km2 
flag of belarusBelarusMinsk9,408,400 (2020)207,600 km2
flag of BelgiumBelgiumBrussels11,492,641 (2020)30,528 km2 
Flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo3,301,000 (2019)51,197 km2 
Flag of BulgariaBulgariaSofia6,951,482 (2019)110,879 km2
Flag of CroatiaCroatiaZagreb4,076,246 (2019)56,594 km2
Flag of CyprusCyprusNicosia1,189,265 (2018)9,251 km2 
flag of the Czech RepublicCzech RepublicPrague10,693,939 (2020)78,867 km2 
flag of DenmarkDenmarkCopenhagen5,824,857 (2020)43,094 km2 
flag of EstoniaEstoniaTallinn1,328,976  (2020)45,228 km2 
flag of FinlandFinlandHelsinki5,528,737 (2020)338,145 km2
flag of FranceFranceParis67,067,000 (2020)549,970 km2
flag of GeorgiaGeorgiaTbilisi3,716,858 (2020)69,700 km2 
flag of GermanyGermanyBerlin83,149,300 (2019)357,022 km2
flag of GreeceGreeceAthens10,724,599 (2019)131,957 km2 
flag of HungaryHungaryBudapest9,772,756 (2019)93,028 km2 
flag of IcelandIcelandReykjavík364,134 (2020)103,000 km2
flag of IrelandIrelandDublin4,921,500 (2019)70,273 km2
flag of ItalyItalyRome60,317,116 (2020)301,340 km2 
flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanNur-Sultan18,708,352 (2020)2,724,900 km2 
flag of LatviaLatviaRiga1,904,600 (2020)64,589 km2 
flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinVaduz38,749 (2020)160 km2
flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaVilnius2,794,329 (2020)65,300 km2 
flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgLuxembourg626,108 (2020)2,586 km2
flag of MaltaMaltaValletta493,559 (2019)316 km2
flag of MoldovaMoldovaChișinău2,681,735 (2019)33,851 km2 
flag of MonacoMonacoMonaco38,300 (2019)2 km2
flag of MontenegroMontenegroPodgorica622,359 (2018)13,812 km2
flag of NetherlandsNetherlandsAmsterdam17,418,465 (2020)41,543 km2
flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaSkopje2,077,132 (2019)25,713 km2 
flag of NorwayNorwayOslo5,367,580 (2020)323,802 km2
flag of PolandPolandWarsaw38,386,000 (2019)312,685 km2
flag of PortugalPortugalLisbon10,295,909 (2019)92,090 km2
flag of RomaniaRomaniaBucharest19,401,658 (2019)238,391 km2
flag of RussiaRussiaMoscow146,748,590 (2020)17,098,242 km2
flag of San MarinoSan MarinoSan Marino33,344 (2018)61 km2
flag of SerbiaSerbiaBelgrade6,963,764 (2019)77,474 km2
flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaBratislava5,457,926 (2020)49,035 km2
flag of SloveniaSloveniaLjubljana2,095,861 (2020)20,273 km2 
flag of SpainSpainMadrid47,329,981 (2020)505,370 km2
flag of SwedenSwedenStockholm10,343,403 (2020)450,295 km2
flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandBern8,570,146 (2019)41,277 km2
flag of TurkeyTurkeyAnkara83,154,997 (2019)783,562 km2 
flag of UkraineUkraineKiev41,660,982 (2020)603,550 km2
flag of United KingdomUnited KingdomLondon67,886,004 (2020)243,610 km2
Vatican cityVatican city842 (2014)0.44 km2