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Europe


Geography

Topographic map of Europe

Topographic map of Europe

Land cover map of Europe

Land cover map of Europe

Borders

Europe is located in the westernmost part of the Eurasian plate. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the West, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and Asia to the east. The limit between Europe and Asia is commonly considered to be the watershed of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea and the Turkish Straits.

Area

10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi)

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Major European rivers

map of european rivers

List of the major rivers of Europe with their length:

  1. Volga (3,690 km / 2,290 mi)
  2. Danube (2,860 km / 1,780 mi)
  3. Ural (2,428 km / 1,509 mi)
  4. Dnieper (2,290 km / 1,420 mi)
  5. Don (1,950 km / 1,210 mi)
  6. Pechora (1,809 km / 1,124 mi)
  7. Kama (1,805 km / 1,122 mi) (the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge)
  8. Oka (1,500 km / 930 mi) (the longest right tributary of Volga)
  9. Belaya (1,430 km / 890 mi) (tributary of Kama)
  10. Dniester (1,352 km / 840 mi)
  11. Rhine (1,236 km / 768 mi)
  12. Desna (1,130 km / 700 mi) (major left tributary of Dnieper)
  13. Elbe (1,091 km / 678 mi)
  14. Donets (1,053 km / 654 mi) (major right tributary of Don River)
  15. Vistula (1,047 km / 651 mi)
  16. Tagus (1,038 km / 645 mi)
  17. Daugava (1,020 km / 630 mi)
  18. Loire (1,012 km / 629 mi)
  19. Tisza (966 km / 600 mi) (1,358 km / 844 mi before 1880) (tributary of the Danube)
  20. Ebro (960 km / 600 mi)

Regions

Population and settlement

Population from 1950 to 2020

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Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.

Economy

GDP (PPP) (estimate 2019)

Total: $29.01 trillion

GDP (nominal) (estimate 2019)

Total: $21.79 trillion

Per capita: $29,410

Population 

747,636,045 (2020)

Density of population

72.9/km2 (188/sq mi)


European countries and capitals

Political map of Europe

Political map of Europe
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List of countries

flag of Albania

Albania

Capital: Tirana

Population: 3 074 579 (2020)

Area: 28,748 km2

flag of Andorra

Andorra

Capital: Andorra la Vella

Population: 77 543 (2020)

Area: 468 km2

flag of Armenia

Armenia

Capital: Yerevan

Population: 2 956 900 (2020)

Area: 19 743 km2

flag of austria

Austria

Capital: Vienna

Population: 8 902 600 (2020)

Area : 83 871 km2

flag of azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Capital: Baku

Population: 10 027 874 (2020

Area: 86 600 km2

flag of belarus

Belarus

Capital: Minsk

Population: 9 408 400 (2020)

Area: 207 600 km2

flag of Belgium

Belgium

Capital: Brussels

Population: 11 492 641 (2020)

Area: 30 528 km2

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Capital: Sarajevo

Population: 3 301 000 (2019)

Area : 51 197 km2

Flag of Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Capital: Sofia

Population: 6 951 482 (2019)

Area: 110 879 km2

Flag of Croatia

Croatia

Capital: Zagreb

Population: 4 076 246 (2019)

Area: 56 594 km2

Flag of Cyprus

Cyprus

Capital: Nicosia

Population: 1 189 265 (2018)

Area: 9 251 km2

flag of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic

Capital: Prague

Population: 10 693 939 (2020)

Area : 78 867 km2

flag of Denmark

Denmark

Capital: Copenhagen

Population: 5 824 857 (2020)

Area: 43 094 km2

flag of Estonia

Estonia

Capital: Tallinn

Population: 1 328 976 (2020)

Area: 45 228 km2

flag of Finland

Finland

Capital: Helsinki

Population: 5 528 737 (2020)

Area: 338 145 km2

flag of France

France

Capital: Paris

Population: 67 067 000 (2020)

Area : 549 970 km2

flag of Georgia

Georgia

Capital: Tbilisi

Population: 3 716 858 (2020)

Area: 69 700 km2

flag of Germany

Germany

Capital: Berlin

Population: 83 149 300 (2019)

Area: 357 022 km2

flag of Greece

Greece

Capital: Athens

Population: 10 724 599 (2019)

Area: 131 957 km2

flag of Hungary

Hungary

Capital: Budapest

Population: 9 772 756 (2019)

Area : 93 028 km2

flag of Iceland

Iceland

Capital: Reykjavík

Population: 364 134 (2020)

Area: 103 000 km2

flag of Ireland

Ireland

Capital: Dublin

Population: 4 921 500 (2019)

Area: 70 273 km2

flag of Italy

Italy

Capital: Rome

Population: 60 317 116 (2020)

Area: 301 340 km2

flag of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Capital: Nur-Sultan

Population: 18 708 352 (2020)

Area : 2 724 900 km2

flag of Latvia

Latvia

Capital: Riga

Population: 1 904 600 (2020)

Area: 64 589 km2

flag of Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Capital: Vaduz

Population: 38 749 (2020)

Area: 160 km2

flag of Lithuania

Lithuania

Capital: Vilnius

Population: 2 794 329 (2020)

Area: 65 300 km2

flag of Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Capital: Luxembourg

Population: 626 108 (2020)

Area : 2 586 km2

flag of Malta

Malta

Capital: Valletta

Population: 493 559 (2019)

Area: 316 km2

flag of Moldova

Moldova

Capital: Chișinău

Population: 2 681 735 (2019)

Area: 33 851 km2

flag of Monaco

Monaco

Capital: Monaco

Population: 38 300 (2019)

Area: 2 km2

flag of Montenegro

Montenegro

Capital: Podgorica

Population: 622 359 (2018)

Area : 13 812 km2

flag of Netherlands

Netherlands

Capital: Amsterdam

Population: 17 418 465 (2020)

Area: 41 543 km2

flag of Macedonia

North Macedonia

Capital: Skopje

Population: 2 077 132 (2019)

Area: 25 713 km2

flag of Norway

Norway

Capital: Oslo

Population: 5 367 580 (2020)

Area: 323 802 km2

flag of Poland

Poland

Capital: Warsaw

Population: 38 386 000 (2019)

Area : 312 685 km2

flag of Portugal

Portugal

Capital: Lisbon

Population: 10 295 909 (2019)

Area: 92 090 km2

flag of Romania

Romania

Capital: Bucharest

Population: 19 401 658 (2019)

Area: 238 391 km2

flag of Russia

Russia

Capital: Moscow

Population: 146 748 590 (2020)

Area: 17 098 242 km2

flag of San Marino

San Marino

Capital: San Marino

Population: 33 344 (2018)

Area : 61 km2

flag of Serbia

Serbia

Capital: Belgrade

Population: 6 963 764 (2019)

Area: 77 474 km2

flag of Slovakia

Slovakia

Capital: Bratislava

Population: 5 457 926 (2020)

Area: 49 035 km2

flag of Slovenia

Slovenia

Capital: Ljubljana

Population: 2 095 861 (2020)

Area: 20 273 km2

flag of Spain

Spain

Capital: Madrid

Population: 47 329 981 (2020)

Area : 505 370 km2

flag of Sweden

Sweden

Capital: Stockholm

Population: 10 343 403 (2020)

Area: 450 295 km2

flag of Switzerland

Switzerland

Capital: Bern

Population: 8 570 146 (2019)

Area: 41 277 km2

flag of Turkey

Turkey

Capital: Ankara

Population: 83 154 997 (2019)

Area: 783 562 km2

flag of Ukraine

Ukraine

Capital: Kiev

Population: 41 660 982 (2020)

Area : 603 550 km2

flag of United Kingdom

United Kingdom

Capital: London

Population: 67 886 004 (2020)

Area: 243 610 km2

Vatican city

Capital: Vatican city

Population: 842 (2014)

Area: 0.44 km2