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Last update: January, 21 2021

Mexico

Flag of Mexico
Government
NameUnited Mexican States
SpanishEstados Unidos Mexicanos
Government typefederal presidential republic
CapitalMexico City (8,851,080 (2010))
CurrencyPeso (MXN)
People
Population (2020)128,932,753 (10th)
Density of population61 P/km2 (142nd)
NationalityMexican
Official languages
None at federal level
Spanish and 68 Amerindian languages
Ethnic groups (2012)
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish)62%
predominantly Amerindian21%
Amerindian7%
other (mostly European)10%
Religions (2010)
Roman Catholic82.7%
Pentecostal1.6%
Jehovah’s Witness1.4%
other Evangelical Churches5%
other1.9%
none4.7%
unspecified2.7%
Life expectancy (2020)
Male73.9 years
Female79.6 years
Total population76.7 years (91st)
Homicides
Total (2018)29.1 per 100,000 people (13th)
Geography
Land area1,943,945 km2
water area20,430 km2
total area1,964,375 km2 (15th)
Mean elevation1,111 m
Lowest point
Laguna Salada-10 m
Highest point
Volcan Pico de Orizaba5,636 m
Land use (2011)
Agricultural land54.9%
Arable land11.8%
Permanent crops1.4%
Permanent pasture41.7%
Forest33.3%
Other11.8%
Urbanization
Urban population (2020)80.7%
Rate of urbanization1.59% annual rate of change (2015 – 2020)
Economy
Labor force (2017)54.51 million  (12th)
Labor force by occupation (2011)
Agriculture13.4%
Industry24.1%
Services 61.9%
Unemployment rate (2017)3.4% (42nd)
note: underemployment may be as high as 25%
GDP (PPP) (estimate 2020)
Total$2.715 trillion (11th)
Per capita$21,362 (64th)
GDP (nominal) (estimate 2020)
Total$1.322 trillion (15th)
Per capita$10,405 (64th)
GDP by sector (estimate 2017)
Agriculture3.6%
Industry31.9%
Services64.5%
Exports (2017)$409.8 billion (12th)
Exports partners (2017)
US79.9%
Imports (2017)$420.8 billion (14th)
Imports partners (2017)
US46.4%
China17.7%
Japan4.3%

Mexico on the world map

Mexico on the world map

Mexico top 10 largest cities (2010)

  1. Mexico City (8,851,080)
  2. Ecatepec (1,655,015)
  3. Guadalajara (1,495,182)
  4. Puebla (1,434,062)
  5. Ciudad Juárez (1,321,004)
  6. Tijuana (1,300,983)
  7. León (1,238,962)
  8. Monterrey (1,168,709)
  9. Zapopan (1,142,483)
  10. Nezahualcóyotl (1,104,585)

Demography

Population pyramid

population pyramid of Mexico (2020)

Age structure data

Estimate for 2020:

  • 0-14 years: 26.01% (male 17,111,199/female 16,349,767)
  • 15-24 years: 16.97% (male 11,069,260/female 10,762,784)
  • 25-54 years: 41.06% (male 25,604,223/female 27,223,720)
  • 55-64 years: 8.29% (male 4,879,048/female 5,784,176)
  • 65 years and over: 7.67% (male 4,373,807/female 5,491,581)

Remark: the age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.

Population from 1950 to 2020

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Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1.


Evolution of the life expectancy from 1960 to 2018

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Source: World Development Indicators, The World Bank

Economy

Agriculture:

corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes, beef, poultry, dairy products, wood products

Industries:

food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism

Exports – commodities:

manufactured goods, electronics, vehicles and auto parts, oil and oil products, silver, plastics, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton, Mexico is the world’s leading producer of silver

Imports – commodities:

metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, automobile parts for assembly and repair, aircraft, aircraft parts, plastics, natural gas and oil products

Time zone and current time in Mexico

Go to our interactive map to get the current time in Mexico

Ancient civilizations

Sources: