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Last update: July, 5 2020

Commonwealth of Nations

Flag of Commonwealth of Nations
Type
Intergovernmental organisation
Leaders
HeadQueen Elizabeth II
Secretary-GeneralPatricia Scotland
Chair-in-OfficeBoris Johnson
Establishment
Balfour Declaration19 November 1926
Statute of Westminster11 December 1931
London Declaration28 April 1949
Headquarters
Marlborough House
London, SW1
United Kingdom
Population
Population (2016)2,418,964,000
Density of population75 P/km2
Working language
English
Geography
Area29,958,050 km2
Member States (54)
Antigua and Barbuda
Australia
The Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belize
Botswana
Brunei
Cameroon
Canada
Cyprus
Dominica
Eswatini
Fiji
The Gambia
Ghana
Grenada
Guyana
India
Jamaica
Kenya
Kiribati
Lesotho
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Malta
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia
Nauru
New Zealand
Nigeria
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Tanzania
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tuvalu
Uganda
United Kingdom
Vanuatu
Zambia
Website
thecommonwealth.org

Meaning of the Commonwealth

The Commonwealth of Nations (or Commonwealth) is a political association of 54 member states that shares goals like development, democracy and peace. Nearly all members are former territories of the British Empire.

It dates from the first half of the 20th century with decolonisation of the British Empire through increased self-governance and it was originally created as the British Commonwealth of Nations. Today any country can join the Commonwealth.

The Commonwealth have 2.4 billion people and includes both advanced economies and developing countries. 32 of the 54 members are small states (including many island nations).

It is not to be confused with:


World map with the countries of the Commonwealth of Nations

world map with the members of the Commonwealth of Nations

Former members of the Commonwealth of Nations


Sources: